Types of Pilot Licenses and Ratings

“Behind every graceful takeoff, every precise landing, and every breathtaking aerial maneuver lies a crucial foundation—pilot licenses and ratings. These credentials aren’t just stamps on a piece of paper; they are the keys to accessing different realms of the skies. They represent the line between the ordinary and the extraordinary, the amateur and the professional. Let’s delve into this world where licenses aren’t merely permits but gateways to limitless aviation possibilities.”

Pilot Licenses vary according to the choice of career one wants to make. The licenses are:

  • SPL(student Pilot License),
  • PPL(Private Pilot License),
  • CPL(Commercial Pilot License), 
  • ATPL(Airline Transport Pilot License)

Students Pilot License:-

To obtain a Student Pilot License (SPL), individuals must meet specific requirements. Firstly, they need to be at least 16 years old. Additionally, aspiring pilots must have proficient knowledge of Meteorology, Navigation, and Air Regulations and have a valid medical certificate.

Private Pilot License:-

For PPL a person should be a minimum of 17 years of age with a 10th pass(with Maths and Physics) from a recognized Board and have passed DGCA PPL exam, should have done 40 hours of flying.

Commercial Pilot License:-

To get a CPL you must be 12th pass from a recognized Board with Maths and Physics. Have cleared Medical class- 1. After the minimum requirement, a  person should have cleared the DGCA exam and 200 hours of Flying.

ATPL(Airline Transport Pilot License):-

To qualify for an ATPL, candidates must meet specific criteria. They need to be at least 21 years old and have amassed a minimum of 1,500 hours of total flight time. Within this flight time, a substantial 500 hours must be dedicated to cross-country flying, allowing pilots to gain crucial experience navigating different terrains and airspace.


Now, let’s delve into ratings, which broaden your flying capabilities. The Instrument Rating (IR) is vital for flying in conditions where visibility is reduced, relying on cockpit instruments rather than external visuals. This is crucial for professional pilots who need to navigate through adverse weather conditions.

Another essential rating is the Multi-Engine (ME) rating, which permits pilots to operate aircraft with more than one engine. This rating opens doors to larger and more complex airplanes.

For those aspiring to teach the art of flying, the Flight Instructor Rating (AFI) is the key. This certification allows pilots to pass on their expertise and guide aspiring aviators through their training.

To obtain these licenses and ratings, aspiring pilots need to enroll in accredited flight schools or aviation colleges offering comprehensive training programs. These programs cover theoretical coursework and practical flight training, preparing candidates for the stringent exams administered by aviation regulatory bodies such as the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA).

Navigating the path to becoming a licensed pilot involves finding the right training program, diligently completing coursework, undergoing flight training, and successfully passing the exams administered by the aviation regulatory authority. Consulting with experienced flight instructors can provide invaluable guidance in charting your path toward the appropriate licenses and ratings aligned with your aviation goals.

For more information contact us at +91 9222111042/43 or visit our website www.airlineprepschool.com. For further updates follow our Instagram handle @alpsaviation.

Leave a Comment

Scroll to Top